Tag Archives: three-tier system

Winebits 565: Wine advice, ancient wine, three-tier system

ancient wine

This week’s wine news: More bad wine advice, plus a shipwreck could hold evidence of 2,400-year-old wine and a another challenge to the three-tier system

No, no, no: Points and scores are bad enough, but when a general interest website runs a story aimed at beginning wine drinkers and starts throwing around winespeak, we know we’re in trouble. But that’s what the Skillet site did, advising a white wine drinker to try a red made using carbonic maceration. There is almost no reason for anyone to know what that means, unless you’re a wine geek. And, of course, most people aren’t wine geeks. Is it any wonder I worry about the future of the wine business? Next time, use English – words like soft, fruity, and so forth – and then drop in tannins if you want to get technical.

More than 20 centuries old? A 2,400 year-old wreck has been found in the Black Sea, and researchers think the ship may have been used to carry and trade wine. “Normally we find amphorae (wine vases) and can guess where it’s come from, but with this it’s still in the hold,” said a member of the expedition. The wreck is similar to the ship pictured on the Siren Vase in the British Museum. The vase, dating to around 480 BC, shows Odysseus (of Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey) strapped to the mast as his ship sails past three sea nymphs.

Another challenge: A Florida-based wine importer has filed suit in California, claiming that the state’s version of the three-tier system is unconstitutional. The Dickenson Peatman & Fogarty law blog says that if the suit is successful, any importer or wholesaler in the U.S. – even if they don’t have a California license – may be permitted to sell to California retailers without using an in-state distributor. This would be a revolutionary change, possibly making it easier for consumers to buy wine previously unavailable. However, the firm doesn’t rate the suit’s chances highly, noting that the precedent used in the suit hasn’t been applied to importers before, calling it a “bridge too far” in the suit’s approach.

Winebits 561: Drink Local, three-tier, Dave McIntyre

drink local

Cool… a book about local wine trails

This week’s wine news: Drink Local gets a book, plus three-tier and the Supreme Court and Dave McIntyre celebrates his 10th anniversary at the Washington Post

All over the country: One more sign that drink local has become mainstream – a travel guide from one of the world’s leading travel publishers. Lonely Planet’s “Wine Trails: United States and Canada” includes 40 wine trails: The usual California, Oregon, and Washington suspects, plus Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Nova Scotia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Colorado, Arizona, North Carolina, and Maryland. Again, if someone had told me I’d be writing about this book when we started Drink Local in 2007, I’d have laughed. And rarely have I been so glad to be wrong. So glad, in fact, that we’ll give a copy of the book away during Birthday Week next month.

Bring on the Supremes: The U.S. Supreme Court has agreed to hear a key three-tier case this term, though it may not be as important as many people are making it out to be. The court will decide the constitutionality of a Tennessee law that requires anyone who wants a retail liquor license to be a state resident. Residency laws are often used to keep out-of-state companies, like Total Wine, from opening in a new state (and was used in 2016 in Indiana to stop an Illinois chain from opening stores). This Tennessee case is a big deal, given how few three-tier laws get to the Supreme Court. But there has also been a lot of cyber-buzz that the court will use it to allow direct shipping from out-of-state retailers, so that someone in Texas, for example, can buy wine from a store in Illinois. Currently, that’s illegal in most of the U.S. I checked with the blog’s liquor law attorney, and he says it’s too early to tell if a residency case could transform into a direct shipping case. If anything develops, I’ll write more.

Congratulations, Dave: My pal Dave McIntyre, who was a co-founder of Drink Local Wine, recently celebrated his 10th anniversary as the Washington Post’s wine critic. This is most welcome news, and not just because Dave and I have been friends for a long time. He possesses a fine palate, cares about quality and value, and wants to share those things with his readers. Would that more people who do this thought the same way.

Winebits 555: Bad rose, buying alcohol, wine additives

bad roseThis week’s wine news: A sommelier says there’s bad rose out there, plus technology could make carding drinkers obsolete and researchers may have found the ultimate wine additive

Score one for quality rose: No, I didn’t write this, which makes it even more refreshing: “… but when I see big-brand pink swill on otherwise nice restaurant menus, I get furious. You might know which brands I am talking about, the ones that sponsor huge parties in the Hamptons. They masquerade as luxury goods, with fun bottle shapes and cutesy names, but are simply bulk wines.” That’s Manhattan sommelier Victoria James, writing in Bon Appetit, and her rant took guts. It’s one thing for me to say that, given it’s the blog’s reason for being. But when you’re in the belly of the beast, as James is, it’s that much more difficult. And all she writes is correct, whether it’s being offered money to add wine to restaurant lists, the tarted up bottles made to look like perfume dispensers, and the other tricks foisted off on those of us who love rose. Welcome to the fight, Victoria.

New way to ID: Technology has made it possible to card booze drinkers without an ID, thanks to biometrics. Your fingerprint can serve as your ID; it can be scanned to prove who you are. The story doesn’t go much farther than that, but the technology may have other uses. In buying wine over the Internet, for example, it would make underage ordering almost impossible. The delivery driver could scan a print, which so far can’t be faked the way a driver’s license can, to see if the person buying the bottle is old enough. And would be another blow against the three-tier system.

Is that wine oily enough for you? Researchers in Spain may have found a plant oil that will make yeast more efficient during fermentation in the winemaking process, reports Scientific American. It’s a fascinating discovery (and the article isn’t too complicated, given its pedigree), but it raises several questions that it doesn’t answer. Are more efficient yeasts better for wine? Will it affect the wine in any other way?

Winebits 554: Three-tier, Aldi wine, corks

three-tierThis week’s wine news: North Carolina state liquor agency has been wasting taxpayer money for years, plus Aldi says it will upgrade its wine aisle and corks are now perfect

Are we surprised? North Carolina’s state-run liquor stores have wasted millions of taxpayer dollars through more than a decade of mismanagement, reports the News & Observer newspaper in Charlotte. The state auditor told the newspaper that $11.3 million vanished from Alcoholic Beverage Commission coffers in 13 years. “There was just no overview, no oversight,” she said. “There was no monitoring of that contract. You just had a contractor come up and say ‘I want more money,’ … and whatever the contractor asked for, it was what they got.” The irony here? State-owned liquor stores exist as part of the three-tier system in some 17 places, to prevent organized crime from corrupting the process. But who needs organized crime when you can get away with this? “Every year since 2004, the audit found, the [agency] authorized more state spending than it was allowed to. … The [agency] has four in-house lawyers, as well as a 12-person internal auditing team and multiple levels of management.”

I’ll believe it when I see it: The Wine Curmudgeon long ago stopped trusting discount grocery Aldi when it came to wine; I’ve spent too much time shopping there to swallow the chain’s wine hooey when the big seller is Winking Owl. But Aldi is at it again, “touting its award-winning wines” as part of a four-year, $5.3 billion remodeling and expansion effort in an interview with Forbes. I’ll repeat the interview I had with my store manager when the remodel and expansion was announced: “Wine? We have lots of wine. Why do we need more?” It would be one thing if Aldi added the cheap, high-quality wines it sells in Europe, but it appears to have taken the path used by most U.S. supermarkets – cheap, poorly made wine, sold because it’s cheap.

Corks are now perfect: Or so say the cork people, in announcing its latest tech upgrade in cork production. “This will change the wine world,” says the headline, but it doesn’t include the caveat for the worse. It’s good to know that we will still need a special, difficult to use tool to open a wine bottle when more and more people are not drinking wine. That’s sure to do convince them to move over to wine. By the way, those of you will are going to cancel your email or RSS subscription to the blog (because several of you always do when I write about corks): Use the safely unsubscribe button at the bottom of the email.

Winebits 550: Dennis Horton, legal weed, and controversy in Champagne

Dennis HortonThis week’s wine news: Remembering Virginia wine pioneer Dennis Horton, plus three-tier for legal weed and another Champagne controversy

Dennis Horton’s legacy: Virginia’s Dennis Horton, who died in June, was one of the most important winemakers and winery owners in the U.S. That most people have never heard of him speaks to the way the wine world works. Dennis was one of the two or three people, along with New York’s Konstantin Frank, who never gave up on the idea of Drink Local, and is one of the people who helped us get to where we have wine in every state. To quote Virginia wine writer Frank Morgan: “I had the pleasure of sharing a few glasses of wine with Dennis in the early days of my wine journey. I remember him for his unique personality, wit, humor and the viticulture insights he shared.” Dennis was also famous for his dislike of the three-tier system; once, when I asked him about direct shipping, he told me he would ship wine to anyone anywhere, and he dared the states’ various liquor cops to try and stop him.

Bring on the weed: The WSWA, the trade group that represents the wholesalers and distributors who make up the second tier of the three-tier system, will support marijuana legalization. The catch? That its members distribute legal weed, reports Shanken News Daily, and the “states agree to regulate cannabis as they do alcohol.” One has to admire the group’s consistency and its chutzpah, if nothing else. Much of the wine world is trying to get rid of three-tier for its antiquated inefficiencies, but that doesn’t bother the wholesalers in the least.

A tussle in Champagne: The Wine Curmudgeon has long enjoyed watching the Champagne business run around in circles, and this bit fits that description perfectly. It’s not easy to decipher what’s going on, but it involves sparkling wine sold in the U.S. that is labeled as “Champagne,” an important French producer, Big Wine, and a variety of Gallic name calling (including one side accusing the other of “mad arroigance” and the other responding that it did not like being called an imbecile).

Winebits 546: Crummy wine, rose’s popularity, and three-tier restrictions

This week’s wine news: A top winemaker goes off on poorly made and crummy wine, while rose continues to grow and we learn about even more silly three-tier laws

Poor, poor sauvignon blanc: The Wine Curmudgeon is not the only person lamenting the state of wine quality and the abundance of crummy wine. Says Matt Day of South Africa’s Klein Constantia: ““If we’re not careful sauvignon blanc will go down the same route as chardonnay and no one will want to drink it.” His point? That winemakers and producers are “cheating” – ignoring terroir and varietal character – to make all sauvignon blanc taste the same, no matter where it’s from. The result, he told drinksbusiness.com, is boring wine that doesn’t taste like sauvignon blanc.

Rose is here to stay: No kidding – though I have to admit, I liked the tone of the piece, which positions rose as something wine snobs don’t respect. Or want us to drink. And there’s a great picture of a rose picnic, with everyone dressed in pink. On the other hand, some of the other was hard to swallow, like roses’ pink color has much to do with its popularity. How its popularity is because it’s usually cheap, well-made, and offers value where so much other wine doesn’t these days?

No, no, no: Liza B. Zimmerman, writing for wine-searcher.com, relates some of the especially silly laws tied to the three-tier system in the era of social media – because, of course, we can never get enough of that. How about not being able to list the price of a wine on social media? Or that posts can only made in a “media where at least 71.6 percent of the audience is of drinking age [based on reliable audience data].” Or, my favorite, that wineries can’t list just one retailer that carries their product, but at least two. Says an attorney quoted in the story: “[T]hese laws are not rational in today’s market.” Would that more people felt that way.

Photo by Kaboompics.com from Pexels, using a Creative Commons license

O, Canada: How did your Supreme Court screw up the Free the Beer case?

free the beer case

“Honest, officer. I’m not transporting beer from Alberta to British Columbia.”

Canadians get a taste of U.S. three-tier laws in the Free the Beer case decision

The Canadians have always seemed so much more sensible than those of us south of the border. In fact, many of my Canadian readers delight in pointing that out – our politics, our devotion to four-down football, and our liquor laws. So how to explain the decidedly U.S.-style legal decision last week in Canada’s infamous Free the Beer case, where the dominion’s top court said laws similar to the U.S. three-tier system are OK in their country?

Or, as the blog’s unofficial Canadian correspondent wrote: “And the court’s decision was unanimous, no less. It’s ridiculous. I have a cabin in British Columbia and I always bring my Alberta-bought beer and wine with me since prices in BC tend to be much higher. I guess I’m officially a bootlegger now.”

To which the Wine Curmudgeon can only smile and say, “Welcome to the club.”

The Free the Beer case revolved around a New Brunswick law that limits the amount of alcohol that can carried across its provincial borders. In 2012, Gerald Comeau was stopped and fined for bringing more than the 12-pint limit of beer from neighboring Quebec, where beer was less expensive.

In other words, just like a host of U.S. laws. It’s not unusual for state troopers at the Texas-Oklahoma line, for example, to stop cars for beer checks – to see if motorists are bringing beer from one state into the other in violation of the same sort of law in the Free the Beer case.

The same argument

Comeau’s argument will sound familiar to any U.S. wine drinker frustrated at the inability to buy wine in another state because of three-tier. His lawyers argued the New Brunswick law violated their client’s constitutional rights because it conflicted with a section of the constitution that says Canadian goods shall “be admitted free into each of the other provinces.”

In other words, the same argument used in the U.S. to challenge similarly restrictive laws, citing the commerce clause of our constitution. And which usually fail.

Which is the same thing that happened here. Canada’s Supreme Court ruled that the country’s provinces can regulate liquor any way they want, regardless of federal law, given the provinces’ autonomy under the Canadian constitution. I laughed when I read it: It’s practically a word for word reading of many U.S. three-tier decisions.

So listen up, Canada. Here’s what you have to look forward to: No Amazon wine. No Internet wine at all, in fact. Probably increased restrictions on direct shipping from Canadian wineries. Plus higher prices and less competition.

Wrote the blog’s unofficial correspondent: “For years, the Mounties would have a check stop on the May long weekend in BC and pull over any car or van full of young people from Alberta. They would take all their Alberta bought booze and pour it out on the side of the road. I can still remember the looks of dejection on their faces. I thought those days were over.”

Ain’t three-tier grand?